Treaty Rights and Property Rights
For nearly two centuries, the federal government has repeatedly affirmed the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nation’s property rights to the Missouri River. The legal and historical precedent is clear, MHA Nation owns the rights to the river and the river bed within the boundaries of our reservation.
Yet today, our ability to access the riverbed mineral revenue below the Missouri River is being threatened.
By refusing to recognize our rights to the minerals below the Missouri, the current administration is not only violating our rights, it is denying the MHA Nation’s ability to be more financially self-sufficient.
Our property rights would allow us to depend more on our own resources and less on the federal government, government agencies are willfully ignoring precedent to deny us these rights.
The U.S. government has affirmed MHA Nation’s property rights to the minerals below the Missouri River 10 times.
Treaties with the Mandan, Arikara, and Hidatsa Tribes
Treaty of Fort Laramie
Agreement of Fort Berthold
Executive Order establishing the Fort Berthold Reservation
Executive Order allowing railroad construction at Fort Berthold
Agreement between United States and the MHA Nation that reduced the Reservation boundaries
Legal opinion by the Department of Interior’s top lawyer recognizes MHA's mineral rights
Legal decision by the Department of Interior’s Board of Land Appeals
Fort Berthold Mineral Restoration Act
Legal opinion by the Department of Interior affirms MHA's mineral rights